Our day started at 9:00 am where we started to write our blog. At 9.40 we started to present our work what we had done in 5 days. after everyone had given feedback. at 12.00 Sweden students headed back to Sweden.
We started our morning with a bus drive to Kallaste and two other little villages near lake Peipsi. In those villages live the Russian old believers. It is a very beautiful place, there were many colorful houses.
The guide we had told us the locals can to everything what they want to their houses. One house had a ski fence, it was pretty interesting. I think nobody have not seen anything like this. We saw one on the houses inside, like how they live in the old times. We saw their graveyards and also one house. The houses that they live in used to have a cold side and a warm side. On the cold side is where the animals used to live. After visiting the three villages, we had lunch at Mõisa Tall in Alatskivi. It was really cosy in there and the food was very good. We got a pasta and a apple cake.
After lunch we walked to the Alatskivi castle and we had a tour there.
In Wednesday we worked on our presentations, what we will present in Friday. After lunch we went on a tour in Järva-Jaani. Estonians showed Järva-Jaani manor and Vanatehnika varjupaik.
In the Vanatehnika Varjupaik there are a lot of old cars in there. Most of them doesn’t work but there are working machines too. They built sauna in three cars.
In the evening we went to pastoraat, where our guest are staying. We played cards and listen some music. We got to know each other a little bit more.
In the morning we went to Järva Defence League, which is located in Türi. Where Major Rikberg talk about Estonian defence. Also he showed us what machines they have in Türi.
After that we went to Tartu prison.
Our guide, also told us about the minorities in prison. Tartu prison is located on an area of nearly 94,000 m2 on the Emajõgi River. The total area of the prison is 23,000 m2. There are 479 chambers in prison, we saw one chambers to, but it was empty. We had a guide, her name was Kairi Piller-Petrov. We saw the prison sport hall, activity room and reception. Also we saw church in the prison, where prisoners can be married. If they have money they can get tv and radio in the chamber, but they have to pay for the electricity. If they don’t pay, the workers will take them away. Prisoners are obliged to clean up or work, for which they get a little pocket money. Prisoners have the right to choose whether they want to study at school or not. Prisoners are treated the same way as ordinary people
We think everybody liked the prison, because it was a interesting experience.
We started the day by introducing Järva-Jaani Gymnasium, what kind of learning opportunities we have and which is offered by the Järva-Jaani gymnasium. After that we were introduced to Peetri school, where we started our work. When we finished our work there, we came back Järva-Jaani and we headed E-piim, where we met manager Jaanus Murakas. Jaanus Murakas introduced us E-piim boiler house, where modern technology was shown to us, what do use E-piima industry.
Estonia has belonged to Russia, Germany and Sweden. Most recently Estonia was part of the Sovjet Union. When Estonia was part of the Sovjet Union, life was rough and you could be sent to a work camp if you had the “wrong” opinion. The conditions of these camps were so horrible that death was often imminent. Starvation was also commonplace when Estonia was part of the Sovjet Union. The main reason why Russia wanted to own Estonia was because they wanted access to the Baltic sea. Estonia gained independence from the Sovjet Union in 1991. However, there is still a looming threat of Russian occupation in Estonia which is why Estonia is a Nato member state. Sweden isn’t part of any official alliance, which we believe is due to Swedes valuing the Swedish neutrality. But there is an ongoing discussion about joining Nato and those that are for, point to the threat that Russia poses.
Sweden has been in unions with neighbouring countries, but has never really been oppressed by a different country which Estonia has. We think that this is partly because Sweden has been a historically powerful country.
Both Sweden and Estonia have parliamentary representative democratic republics.
In Estonia the first woman president is currently leading the country. In Sweden there has never been a female leader. There isn’t as much inequality between men and women in Estonia and Sweden as there used to be. Women make less than men for the same job in both our countries.
Sweden has had a headstart when it comes to economics and jobs, since Sweden didn’t take part in the second world war. Estonia had worse preconditions economically because they were tied to the Sovjet Union which didn’t have a functioning economic system.
In Sweden students talk more about politics in school than in Estonia. Most of the time the students in Estonia just listen to the teacher and don’t get a chance to have a discussion which we all agree isn’t good.
How Estonia and Sweden are politically governed
Just as Finland, Estonia has a president. Right now (2018) they have their first female president who is, among other things of course, fighting for equality between men and women. Just like in Sweden and in many other countries in the world, men earn more money than women. The people in Järva-janni like the new president, they say she’s more involved than the last one.
The Estonians don’t vote for who will be the president. They choose the parliament that then chooses the president. In Estonia there are more men seated in the parliament than women, but the female president tries to change that in order for it to increase the number of women representatives.
Estonia joined the European union in 2004 and since then they have got more human rights.
When Estonia was a part of the Soviet Union the Estonians got a piece of paper to get a ration of food. The Russians also imprisoned a lot of Estonians in the Gulag in Siberia. So a lot of Estonians don’t like Russia for what they have done in the past.
Between 18-27 years old all men in Estonia are forced to do basic training in the military. Females can also do it, but for them it’s voluntary. Basic training is 4 to 8 months long and you get paid 100 euros every month. In Sweden there is a different system. All citizens get a paper when they reach the age of 18. In that paper you write if you want to join the military for basic training and if you have any injuries. There are also questions about yourself. You are forced to fill in the form or you can get a fine or even imprisonment. When you are done with the form you send it into the military again and if you either said that you wanted to join the military or that the military didn’t fill their quota you are summoned to a test facility where you do physical tests to see if you are fit for military service. Basic training is 4 to 11 months long and you get paid about 400 euros per months.
In Estonia schools are free and if you have good grades you get a small amount of money at the start of the year. Swedish schools are also free, but the students are paid 121.14 euro each month. So Swedish students get paid to go to school.